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It is very important for nail salons to maintain a sanitary manicure station. If all the equipment and tools are not cleaned properly, nail fungus and bacterial infections can quickly spread among clients. Therefore sanitizing equipment before reusing them is crucial, because mere soap and water wash does not cleanse thorougly. Sterilizing trays, jars, and bottles are available for purchase from retailers. You must also clean your hands thoroughly before you start each manicure. There are three different ways to sterilize nail salon tools, through: dry heating, boiling, and rubbing alcohol.
One way to sterilize metal equipment is through heat. This can be done using an oven with the heat setting to 375 F. After washing the equipment with hot water and dish detergent, you must remove any and all visible debris on the tools. Briefly dry the cleaned tools on a cookie sheet (you can purchase a cookie sheet that is used exclusively for sanitizing tools). Make sure the tools are not touching each other on the cookie sheet. Place the cookie sheet into the oven for 15 minutes and let them cool completely. After the tools are cooled, you should place the sterilized tools into an airtight Ziploc bag or medical pouch.
You can sterilize through boiling, by filling a pot with water and placing it on the stove over high heat. While waiting for the water to reach a boil, clean your tongs and tools, using warm water and mild detergent to remove any visible debris. When the water boils, use the tongs to place the tools inside the pot. Boil the tools for 15 to 20 minutes then dry them on clean paper towels using sterilized tongs. Make sure you do not touch the tools with your hands when it has already been sanitized. Place the tools in a Ziploc bag using tongs, and seal the bag. Autoclave is a device used to sterilize equipment and supplies by using high pressure steam at 121 °C or more for about 15 to 20 minutes depending on the size of the load.
The last way to sterilize metal tools is by soaking them in rubbing alcohol (isopropyl alcohol) for 25 minutes. Place tools in a pot or bowl and pour alcohol covering the tools. After 25 minutes, remove the tools and dry them, storing them immediately in a Ziploc bag. Appropriate salon disinfectants include EPA-registered Hospital disinfectants with bactericidal, fungicidal, and virucidal claims on the label, 10% bleach solution, or 70%~90% Isopropyl or ethyl alcohol.